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For technical applications it is extremely important to be able to transfer as much energy from a transmission line to some load. In this problem we will learn how this is achieved and understand the basic principles signal reflection and impedance matching.
We consider a transmission line in a lumped model. This will allow you to find the so-called telegrapher equation which describes the signal propagation along transmission lines in general. You will also see how such devices can even also be used as quantum bits.